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Adrian Nelson
Adrian Nelson

Artificial Intelligence In Medicine



Artificial intelligence in medicine is the use of machine learning models to search medical data and uncover insights to help improve health outcomes and patient experiences. Thanks to recent advances in computer science and informatics, artificial intelligence (AI) is quickly becoming an integral part of modern healthcare. AI algorithms and other applications powered by AI are being used to support medical professionals in clinical settings and in ongoing research.




Artificial Intelligence in Medicine



The research and results of these tests are still being gathered, and the overall standards for the use AI in medicine are still being defined. Yet opportunities for AI to benefit clinicians, researchers and the patients they serve are steadily increasing. At this point, there is little doubt that AI will become a core part of the digital health systems that shape and support modern medicine.


There are numerous ways AI can positively impact the practice of medicine, whether it's through speeding up the pace of research or helping clinicians make better decisions. Here are some examples of how AI could be used:


Precision medicine could become easier to support with virtual AI assistance. Because AI models can learn and retain preferences, AI has the potential to provide customized real-time recommendations to patients around the clock. Rather than having to repeat information with a new person each time, a healthcare system could offer patients around-the-clock access to an AI-powered virtual assistant that could answer questions based on the patient's medical history, preferences and personal needs.


AI is already playing a prominent role in medical imaging. Research has indicated that AI powered by artificial neural networks can be just as effective as human radiologists at detecting signs of breast cancer as well as other conditions. In addition to helping clinicians spot early signs of disease, AI can also help make the staggering number of medical images that clinicians have to keep track of more manageable by detecting vital pieces of a patient's history and presenting the relevant images to them.


Drug discovery is often one of the longest and most costly parts of drug development. AI could help reduce the costs of developing new medicines in primarily two ways: creating better drug designs and finding promising new drug combinations. With AI, many of the big data challenges facing the life sciences industry could be overcome.


Artificial Intelligence in Medicine publishes original articles from a wide variety of interdisciplinary perspectives concerning the theory and practice of artificial intelligence (AI) in medicine, medically-oriented human biology, and health care.


Artificial intelligence in medicine may be characterized as the scientific discipline pertaining to research studies, projects, and applications that aim at supporting decision-based medical tasks through knowledge- and/or data-intensive computer-based solutions that ultimately support and improve the performance of a human care provider.


Special Issues are regularly published and included among regular issues. Artificial Intelligence in Medicine special issues deal with current theoretical/methodological research or convincing applications related to AI in medicine. Special Issues are managed by one or more guest editors who are outstanding experts on the selected topic.Special Issues of Artificial Intelligence in Medicine are directly proposed to potential guest editors by the Editor in Chief, also according to suggestions from the editorial board members."External" proposals of Special Issues will no longer be considered.


Artificial intelligence-powered medical technologies are rapidly evolving into applicable solutions for clinical practice. Deep learning algorithms can deal with increasing amounts of data provided by wearables, smartphones, and other mobile monitoring sensors in different areas of medicine. Currently, only very specific settings in clinical practice benefit from the application of artificial intelligence, such as the detection of atrial fibrillation, epilepsy seizures, and hypoglycemia, or the diagnosis of disease based on histopathological examination or medical imaging. The implementation of augmented medicine is long-awaited by patients because it allows for a greater autonomy and a more personalized treatment, however, it is met with resistance from physicians which were not prepared for such an evolution of clinical practice. This phenomenon also creates the need to validate these modern tools with traditional clinical trials, debate the educational upgrade of the medical curriculum in light of digital medicine as well as ethical consideration of the ongoing connected monitoring. The aim of this paper is to discuss recent scientific literature and provide a perspective on the benefits, future opportunities and risks of established artificial intelligence applications in clinical practice on physicians, healthcare institutions, medical education, and bioethics.


Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a general term that implies the use of a computer to model intelligent behavior with minimal human intervention. AI is generally accepted as having started with the invention of robots. The term derives from the Czech word robota, meaning biosynthetic machines used as forced labor. In this field, Leonardo Da Vinci's lasting heritage is today's burgeoning use of robotic-assisted surgery, named after him, for complex urologic and gynecologic procedures. Da Vinci's sketchbooks of robots helped set the stage for this innovation. AI, described as the science and engineering of making intelligent machines, was officially born in 1956. The term is applicable to a broad range of items in medicine such as robotics, medical diagnosis, medical statistics, and human biology-up to and including today's "omics". AI in medicine, which is the focus of this review, has two main branches: virtual and physical. The virtual branch includes informatics approaches from deep learning information management to control of health management systems, including electronic health records, and active guidance of physicians in their treatment decisions. The physical branch is best represented by robots used to assist the elderly patient or the attending surgeon. Also embodied in this branch are targeted nanorobots, a unique new drug delivery system. The societal and ethical complexities of these applications require further reflection, proof of their medical utility, economic value, and development of interdisciplinary strategies for their wider application.


However, while some algorithms can compete with and sometimes outperform clinicians in a variety of tasks, they have yet to be fully integrated into day-to-day medical practice. Why? Because even though these algorithms can meaningfully impact medicine and bolster the power of medical interventions, there are numerous regulatory concerns that need addressing first.


You sound like my mechanic, he thinks human beings are almost as complex as a car. A chessboard has 64 cells, and you compare it to cancer? On a chessboard there are 10 to 120 moves possible, incredibly many more than atoms in the universe. But what are the possibilities if you study 64 human celles with their membranes, nucleuses and so forth? I liked the article. But as one sees from the comments, it has not tried to convey the complexity of AI in medicine.


The wave of innovation driven by AI is not only transforming #clinical decision-making, patientmonitoring and surgical support, but fundamentally changing the approach of #healthcare for populations. Find some of the best AI based products & solutions in the market at Medigy platform. -artificial-intelligence/


AI in medicine can be dichotomized into two subtypes: Virtual and physical.[3] The virtual part ranges from applications such as electronic health record systems to neural network-based guidance in treatment decisions. The physical part deals with robots assisting in performing surgeries, intelligent prostheses for handicapped people, and elderly care.


The basis of evidence-based medicine is to establish clinical correlations and insights via developing associations and patterns from the existing database of information. Traditionally, we used to employ statistical methods to establish these patterns and associations. Computers learn the art of diagnosing a patient via two broad techniques - flowcharts and database approach.


A study conducted in 2016[17] found that physicians spent 27% of their office day on direct clinical face time with their patients and spent 49.2% of their office day on electronic hospital records and desk work. When in the examination room with patients, physicians spent 52.9% of their time on EHR and other work. In conclusion, the physicians who used documentation support such as dictation assistance or medical scribe services engaged in more direct face time with patients than those who did not use these services. In addition, increased AI usage in medicine not only reduces manual labor and frees up the primary care physician's time but also increases productivity, precision, and efficacy.


This new era of AI-augmented practice has an equal number of skeptics as proponents [Figure 2]. The increased utilization of technology has reduced the number of job opportunities, which many doctors in the making and practicing doctors are concerned about. Analytically and logically machines may be able to translate human behavior, but certain human traits such as critical thinking, interpersonal and communication skills, emotional intelligence, and creativity cannot be honed by the machines. 041b061a72


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