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Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso: A Complete Guide to Installing and Using Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.4 on 32-bit x86 Systems


Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso: What is it and how to use it?




If you are looking for a reliable, secure and high-performance operating system for your server or workstation, you might want to consider Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.4. In this article, we will explain what Rhel-server-6.4-i386-d vd.iso is, how to download it, how to create a bootable DVD or USB drive from it, how to install Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.4 from it, and how to use Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.4 for server administration. We will also answer some frequently asked questions about Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso at the end of the article.




Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso



Introduction




Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso is an ISO image file that contains the installation media for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.4, which is a Linux-based operating system developed by Red Hat for commercial and enterprise use. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.4 is the fourth update of the Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 series, which was released in November 2010 and has a 10-year life cycle.


Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.4 offers many benefits for users who need a stable, secure and high-performance operating system for their server or workstation. Some of the benefits are:


  • Enhanced security features such as SELinux, firewall, audit, encryption and identity management.



  • Improved performance and scalability with support for up to 4096 logical CPUs and 64 TB of memory.



  • Optimized virtualization and cloud computing capabilities with KVM hypervisor, OpenStack and Red Hat CloudForms.



  • Rich set of software packages and development tools with access to Red Hat Software Collections and Red Hat Developer Toolset.



  • Comprehensive support and subscription services from Red Hat and its partners.



To install Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.4 from DVD, you need to have the following prerequisites:


  • A 32-bit x86 system with at least 1 GHz processor, 1 GB RAM and 10 GB disk space.



  • A DVD drive or a USB port that can boot from a USB device.



  • A Red Hat subscription or an evaluation subscription that allows you to download the installation media and register your system.



How to download Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso?




To download Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso, you need to have a valid Red Hat subscription or an evaluation subscription that gives you access to the Software & Download Center on the Red Hat Customer Portal. If you do not have a subscription, you can request a free evaluation subscription for 30 days from https://www.redhat.com/en/technologies/linux-platforms/enterprise-linux/try-it.


Once you have a subscription, you can follow these steps to download Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso:


  • Log in to the Red Hat Customer Portal at https://access.redhat.com/.



  • Click on Downloads in the top menu bar.



  • Click on Red Hat Enterprise Linux in the product list.



  • Select the product variant that matches your system type, such as Server or Workstation.



  • Select the version that you want to download, such as 6.4.



  • Select the architecture that matches your system architecture, such as x86 (32-bit).



  • Click on Download Now next to Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso.



  • Save the ISO image file to your local disk.



After downloading Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso, you should verify the md5sum of the image file to ensure that it is not corrupted or tampered with. You can use the md5sum utility on command line to calculate the md5sum of the image file and compare it with the md5sum provided on the download page.


For example, on Linux or Mac OS X, you can run the following command in a terminal window:


$ md5sum Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso


The output should be:


c8b9c8d0f7c9f7c9f7c9f7c9f7c9f7c9 Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso


If the md5sum matches, then you have successfully downloaded Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso. If not, then you should delete the image file and download it again.


How to create a bootable DVD from Rhel-server-6.4-i386 -dvd.iso?




To create a bootable DVD from Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso, you need to have a DVD drive and a blank DVD that can hold the image file. You also need to have the cdrecord utility installed on your system, which is a command line tool for writing data to optical discs.


You can use the cdrecord utility to write the ISO image to a DVD by following these steps:


  • Insert a blank DVD into your DVD drive.



  • Open a terminal window and run the following command to check the disc-writing devices on your system:



$ cdrecord --scanbus


  • The output will show a list of devices with their SCSI IDs, such as:



scsibus0: 0,0,0 0) 'HL-DT-ST' 'DVDRAM GSA-4167B' 'DL13' Removable CD-ROM 0,1,0 1) * 0,2,0 2) * 0,3,0 3) * 0,4,0 4) * 0,5,0 5) * 0,6,0 6) * 0,7,0 7) *


  • Identify the correct device that corresponds to your DVD drive. In this example, it is the first device with SCSI ID 0,0,0.



  • Run the following command to write the ISO image to the DVD using the cdrecord utility. Replace the SCSI ID with the one that matches your device. Use the -v option for verbose output and the -dao option for disc-at-once mode.



$ cdrecord -v -dao dev=0,0,0 Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso


  • Wait for the writing process to complete. You should see a message like this at the end:



cdrecord: fifo had 192 puts and 192 gets. cdrecord: fifo was 0 times empty and 191 times full, min fill was 99%.


  • Eject the DVD from your drive. You have successfully created a bootable DVD from Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso.



How to create a bootable USB drive from Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso?




To create a bootable USB drive from Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso, you need to have a USB port and a USB device that can hold the image file. You also need to have the dd utility installed on your system, which is a command line tool for copying and converting data.


You can use the dd utility to write the ISO image to a USB device by following these steps:


  • Insert your USB device into your USB port.



  • Open a terminal window and run the following command to list disk devices on your system:



$ fdisk -l


  • The output will show a list of devices with their names, sizes and partitions, such as:



Disk /dev/sda: 250.1 GB, 250059350016 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 30401 cylinders Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes Disk identifier: 0x000c8b9c Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System /dev/sda1 * 1 12749 102398278+ 7 HPFS/NTFS /dev/sda2 12750 30401 141638197+ f W95 Ext'd (LBA) /dev/sda5 12750 30401 141638166 b W95 FAT32 Disk /dev/sdb: 16.1 GB, 16139354112 bytes 64 heads, 32 sectors/track, 15388 cylinders Units = cylinders of 2048 * 512 = 1048576 bytes Disk identifier: 0x00000000 Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System /dev/sdb1 1 15388 15728640 c W95 FAT32 (LBA)


  • Identify the correct device that corresponds to your USB device. In this example, it is the second device with name /dev/sdb.Run the following command to write the ISO image to the USB device using the dd utility. Replace the device name with the one that matches your device. Use the if option to specify the input file and the of option to specify the output file. Use the bs option to specify the block size and the sync option to ensure that all data is written to the device.



$ dd if=Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso of=/dev/sdb bs=4M sync


  • Wait for the writing process to complete. You should see a message like this at the end:



381+1 records in 381+1 records out 1593835520 bytes (1.6 GB) copied, 234.567 s, 6.8 MB/s


  • Eject the USB device from your port. You have successfully created a bootable USB drive from Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso.



How to install Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.4 from DVD or USB drive?




To install Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.4 from DVD or USB drive, you need to boot from the DVD or USB drive and start the installation process. You can follow these steps to install Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.4 from DVD or USB drive:


  • Insert the DVD or USB drive into your system and power on or restart your system.



  • Press a key to enter the boot menu and select the DVD or USB drive as the boot device.



  • You will see a screen with a boot prompt that says "boot:".



  • You can press Enter to start the installation in graphical mode, or type "linux text" to start the installation in text-based mode.



  • You will see a welcome screen that asks you to choose a language for the installation process. Use the mouse or keyboard to select your preferred language and click Next.



  • You will see a screen that asks you to choose a keyboard layout for your system. Use the mouse or keyboard to select your preferred keyboard layout and click Next.



  • You will see a screen that asks you to set the date and time for your system. Use the mouse or keyboard to select your time zone and adjust the date and time if needed. You can also enable network time protocol (NTP) to synchronize your system clock with an online server. Click Next when done.



  • You will see a screen that asks you to configure your network and hostname settings. Use the mouse or keyboard to enable or disable network interfaces, assign IP addresses, set hostnames, and configure proxy settings if needed. Click Next when done.



  • You will see a screen that asks you to choose an installation method for your system. You can choose from local media, hard drive, NFS directory, URL or FTP. Since you are installing from DVD or USB drive, you should choose local media and click Next.



  • You will see a screen that asks you to partition your storage devices and create file systems for different mount points. You can choose from automatic partitioning, custom layout, or use existing partitions. If you choose automatic partitioning, you can also choose whether to use all space, replace existing Linux system, shrink current system, or use free space. If you choose custom layout, you can manually create, edit, delete, or resize partitions and assign mount points, file systems, and labels. You can also choose whether to encrypt your partitions with a passphrase for extra security. Click Next when done.



  • You will see a screen that asks you to set a root password for your system. The root password is used for administrative tasks and should be strong and secure. Type your root password twice and click Next.



  • You will see a screen that asks you to create user accounts for your system. You can create one or more user accounts with different privileges and settings. You can also choose whether to make one of them an administrator with sudo access. Click Next when done.



  • You will see a screen that asks you to select software packages and customize system services for your system. You can choose from different software groups such as base system, desktops, servers, development tools, etc., or select individual packages from each group. You can also enable or disable system services such as network, firewall, sshd, etc., by clicking on Customize now button at the bottom of the screen. Click Next when done.



  • You will see a screen that shows the progress of installing software packages on your system. Wait for the installation process to complete.



  • You will see a screen that says "Congratulations, your Red Hat Enterprise Linux installation is complete." Click Reboot to restart your system and complete the installation.



How to use Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 .4 for server administration?




After installing Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.4 from DVD or USB drive, you can use it for server administration and management. You can perform various tasks such as registering your system, updating your system, managing users and groups, configuring network and firewall settings, monitoring system performance and resource usage, and troubleshooting common problems. You can use command line tools or graphical tools to perform these tasks, depending on your preference and convenience.


Here are some examples of how to use Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.4 for server administration:


  • To register your system with Red Hat Subscription Management or Red Hat Network Classic, you can use the subscription-manager or rhn_register commands on command line, or the Subscription Manager or Red Hat Network Registration graphical tools. Registering your system allows you to access software updates, support services, and other benefits from Red Hat and its partners.



  • To update your system with yum or PackageKit, you can use the yum or pkcon commands on command line, or the Software Update graphical tool. Updating your system allows you to install the latest security patches, bug fixes, and enhancements for your system.



  • To manage users and groups with useradd, usermod, userdel, groupadd, groupmod and groupdel commands or graphical tools, you can use the useradd, usermod, userdel, groupadd, groupmod and groupdel commands on command line, or the Users and Groups graphical tool. Managing users and groups allows you to create, modify, delete, or assign privileges and settings for different users and groups on your system.



  • To configure network interfaces and firewall settings with ifconfig, ip, iptables commands or graphical tools, you can use the ifconfig, ip, iptables commands on command line, or the Network Connections or Firewall graphical tools. Configuring network interfaces and firewall settings allows you to enable or disable network interfaces, assign IP addresses, set hostnames, and configure proxy settings if needed. It also allows you to enable or disable firewall rules, add or remove ports or services, and customize firewall zones.



  • To monitor system performance and resource usage with top, vmstat, iostat commands or graphical tools, you can use the top, vmstat, iostat commands on command line, or the System Monitor or Performance Monitor graphical tools. Monitoring system performance and resource usage allows you to view the CPU usage, memory usage, disk usage, network traffic, load average, processes, threads, etc., of your system.



  • To troubleshoot common problems and use diagnostic tools such as ping, traceroute, netstat, tcpdump commands or graphical tools, you can use the ping, traceroute, netstat, tcpdump commands on command line, or the Network Tools graphical tool. Troubleshooting common problems and using diagnostic tools allows you to test the connectivity, route, status, and traffic of your network interfaces, hosts, and services.



Conclusion




In this article, we have explained what Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso is, how to download it, how to create a bootable DVD or USB drive from it, how to install Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.4 from it, and how to use Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.4 for server administration. We hope that this article has helped you to understand and use Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso for your server or workstation needs.


If you have any questions or feedback about this article, please feel free to contact us at support@redhat.com. We would love to hear from you and help you with any issues that you may encounter.


FAQs




Here are some frequently asked questions about Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso:


  • Q: What is the difference between Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso and Rhel-server-6.4-x86_64-dvd.iso?



  • A: Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso is an installation DVD image for 32-bit x86 systems, while Rhel-server-6.4-x86_64-dvd.iso is an installation DVD image for 64-bit x86_64 systems. You should choose the image that matches your system architecture.



  • Q: How can I check if my system is 32-bit or 64-bit?



  • A: You can use the uname -m command on command line to check your system architecture. If the output is i686 or i386, then your system is 32-bit. If the output is x86_64, then your system is 64-bit.



  • Q: How can I upgrade my existing Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 system to Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 .4?



  • A: You can use the yum update command on command line to upgrade your existing Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 system to Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.4. You need to have a valid Red Hat subscription and register your system before you can use the yum update command. You can also use the Software Update graphical tool to upgrade your system.



  • Q: How can I create a custom ISO image from Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso?



  • A: You can use the mkisofs utility on command line to create a custom ISO image from Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso. You need to have the mkisofs utility installed on your system, which is part of the genisoimage package. You can use the -o option to specify the output file name, the -J option to enable Joliet extensions for Windows compatibility, the -R option to enable Rock Ridge extensions for Unix compatibility, and the -b option to specify the boot image file. For example, you can run the following command to create a custom ISO image named custom.iso from Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso:



$ mkisofs -o custom.iso -J -R -b isolinux/isolinux.bin -c isolinux/boot.cat -no-emul-boot -boot-load-size 4 -boot-info-table Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso


  • Q: How can I mount Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso as a loop device on my system?



  • A: You can use the mount command on command line to mount Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso as a loop device on your system. You need to have root privileges and create a mount point directory before you can use the mount command. You can use the -o option to specify the mount options, such as loop, ro, and iso9660. For example, you can run the following commands to mount Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso as a loop device on /mnt directory:



$ sudo mkdir /mnt $ sudo mount -o loop,ro,iso9660 Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso /mnt


  • Q: How can I burn Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso to a DVD using Windows?



  • A: You can use any DVD burning software that supports ISO image files to burn Rhel-server-6.4-i386-dvd.iso to a DVD using Windows. Some examples of DVD burning software are Nero Burning ROM, ImgBurn, CDBurnerXP, etc. You need to have a DVD drive and a blank DVD that can hold the image file before you can use the DVD burning software. You can follow the instructions of the DVD burning software to select the ISO image file, choose the DVD drive, and start the burning process.



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