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Drone Baku: Tips and Tricks for Safe and Legal Drone Operation in Azerbaijan

According to CAA, drones are restricted for private drone pilots but allowed for commercial use in Azerbaijan, subject to CAA regulations. Read on for details.Here are the most important rules for flying a drone in Azerbaijan.In Azerbaijan, unmanned flight systems should have the same safety standards as manned flying objects. The regulations mentioned here are for commercial drone pilots. There are no rules for private drone pilots yet.It should be noted that there are several reports that drones were seized by customs officials at the airport, saying a permit was necessary. Currently, three groups of copters are listed in Azerbaijan and classified as follows:

The import of drones in the country is tied to restrictions as well as requiring a flight permit. If you want to import your drone through the airport without a prior permit, your drone may be confiscated at the airport and returned to you on your departure.

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No rules have been published for private drone flights. Please check directly with the CAA for updates or special permission.Notes for operating Commercial Drone Services in AzerbaijanAll commercial users are obligated to have liability insurance.Commercial pilots require an operating permit in each weight class.

This material is not presented as legal advice of any kind, and we cannot guarantee that the information is accurate, complete, or up-to-date. Do not substitute the information you find here for legal advice from a licensed attorney who is authorized to practice in the jurisdiction. When in doubt, contact the local aviation authority responsible for drone safety, utilize a licensed drone service operator, and/or consult a qualified attorney.When your experience is different, we want to know. We welcome any feedback, corrections, or updates that can be shared with our community.Finally, we urge you to operate your drone safely and to follow the drone laws of the location in which you are flying!The contents of this website are open-sourced and licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States (CC By-SA 3.0 US). Feel free to share, remix, or otherwise.Leave a Comment Cancel replyComment

Drone use is allowed in Azerbaijan, but you must first obtain a permit prior to flying in Azerbaijan. Once you have obtained a permit there are several drone laws that need to be followed when flying in the country. Operators must ensure that they follow the following laws when flying in Azerbaijan, while regulations seem to vary depending on drone weight and pilot experience, drones must generally meet the same safety and operational standards as manned aircraft.

For a detailed guide to bringing your drone on airplanes click here. All drones should be brought on carry on luggage if possible. This is because according to the Montreal Convention, airlines are only liable for losses up to $1,000 USD. When traveling internationally, theft and lost luggage can be common issues, particularly if your flight has many connections. If your drone is worth more than $1,000 USD and you cannot bring it onto the plane you should consider shipping it with DHL, Fedex, or UPS instead and fully insure the shipment.

Read all of our Azerbaijan Drone Laws, and now looking for drones, parts, accessories, or something else? Read our guide for Buying Drones In Azerbaijan. It includes information on drones for sale in Azerbaijan, import taxes, payment options, and shipping.

In the last days of September a conflict broke out between Azerbaijan and Armenia over a disputed area called Nagorno-Karabakh. While initial clashes led to small gains by Azerbaijan, the front line appeared to have largely stabilized after a week. The war has been defined by a unique type of fighting: Azerbaijan's use of armed drones against Armenia's tanks, artillery and military vehicles. While armed drones have been used for decades by the U.S. in the global war on terror, Baku's decision to deploy hundreds of new types of drones raises the curtain on the future of war. Governments that use drones, from Washington to Beijing, Jerusalem to Tehran, should take notice.

Azerbaijan's drones have raised eyebrows in the past. In 2016 the country, situated in the southern Caucuses bordering Iran, used a "suicide drone" against Armenia. This is a new type of drone designed to fly into an enemy position, where the drone itself is the warhead. Defense companies call these drones "loitering munitions." They are smaller than the U.S. Predator and sometimes appear more like a cruise missile than a drone. Azerbaijan has for years been acquiring them from Israel. The Center for the Study of the Drone at Bard College concluded that Azerbaijan had acquired Israel's Harpy, Harop and Orbiter 1K loitering munitions.

Baku loves Israeli drones so much that it even put them in a music video. A rock video released by Azerbaijan shows a man singing in front of a line of four trucks. Each of the trucks has a stack of rectangular shapes on the back. These are the canisters that hold Harop drones. Several of the drones, with their conical noses, can be seen in the video. It looks like the trucks can carry a total of 36 drones to launch at the same time. That would be a massive drone swarm, enabling the operator to decimate a column of enemy tanks, or attack enemy radar and air defense installations. This is precisely what Azerbaijan says its drones have accomplished. A sheet put out for its soldiers in the field claims the country destroyed 30 Armenian air defense units. Armenia's defense ministry says it downed 107 Azeri drones. This is the first time in history so many drones have been allegedly shot down and is probably the largest-ever use of loitering munition drones by a country.

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Why does this matter? Drones have been around for many years, and while the U.S. has used them to carry out thousands of airstrikes, they alone have not won wars in Afghanistan or elsewhere. They give the operator the ability to wait over a target, conduct days of surveillance and strike with precision when enemies present themselves. However, Israeli companies pioneered the loitering munitions Azerbaijan uses to achieve superiority on the battlefield. Israel Aerospace Industries invented the Harpy and the Harop drones to work together, with the Harpy detecting radar and the Harop striking at vehicles, for instance. Think of these drones like an instant air force, without needing to risk pilots.

Baku acquired other drones as well, including Turkish Bayraktars, which is a kind of miniature version of the U.S. Reaper, armed with Turkish missiles. The Azeris also acquired Israel's SkyStriker from Elbit Systems. Pro-Azerbaijan social media accounts have published footage of what they allege are Israeli drones in action destroying tanks and vehicles. Israel doesn't comment on the videos, but online sleuths identified one image of an airstrike that shows an Israeli Orbiter drone fly through the frame. That means there are so many drones in the air that drones are filming each other in action. Armenians have posted videos purportedly showing they shot down some of the drones.

While we've seen drones shot down before, such as when Iran downed a $200 million Global Hawk surveillance behemoth in June 2019, the war in the Caucuses is showing what the future battlefield looks like. This future includes multiple layers of drones, operating together in a kind of "swarm" to overwhelm enemy defenses. Air defense weapons can't usually track and neutralize dozens of drones at the same time. Iran knew this when it sent 25 drones and cruise missiles to attack Saudi Arabia in September of last year. Iran has helped its allies in Lebanon and Yemen increase their drone arsenals.

Furthermore, UAVs are not allowed to fly over certain areas, such as airports, military installations, and power plants. Additionally, drones must not be used for commercial purposes, such as delivery services. Finally, operators must ensure that their drones are registered with the CAA before operating them.

The CAA is also responsible for issuing licenses to drone operators. To obtain a license, operators must demonstrate knowledge of the regulations and safety procedures related to flying drones. Additionally, operators must take an aviation safety course and pass a written exam.

In conclusion, the current drone regulations in Baku, Azerbaijan, are designed to ensure the safe and responsible operation of UAVs. However, operators must still obtain permission from the CAA before flying their drones, and must follow all applicable laws and regulations. Additionally, operators must ensure that their drones are registered with the CAA and that they have obtained a license from the CAA before operating their drones.

In Baku, Azerbaijan, the use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and drones is subject to a variety of safety regulations. The regulations are designed to ensure the security of the airspace, protect the privacy of citizens, and limit the potential for disruption caused by drone operations.

The Azerbaijan Civil Aviation Authority (ACAA) is responsible for the oversight of drone operations in Baku. The ACAA requires that all drone pilots register their UAVs prior to operation and obtain a permit from the Ministry of Transport, Communications, and High Technologies. In addition, drone pilots must pass a theoretical exam and obtain a UAV certificate, which is valid for two years.

The ACAA has identified a number of safety requirements for drone operations in Baku. All drone flights must take place within the line of sight of the pilot and must remain at least 150 meters away from people, buildings, and other aircraft. Additionally, drone pilots must maintain an altitude of no more than 120 meters above ground level and remain at least 5 kilometers away from airports. Furthermore, any drone operations must be conducted during daylight hours and not in bad weather.

In order to ensure the privacy of citizens, the ACAA has prohibited the use of drones to capture images without the written permission of the people or organisations involved. Additionally, drone pilots are not allowed to fly their UAVs over sensitive sites such as government buildings, military facilities, and industrial facilities.


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